Static Rules
Constant settings that apply to the entire planet
This section defines security ruleset parameters that apply to your entire Reblaze planet. They are "static" because they are simple settings, and do not vary according to context or circumstance.
The settings in this section are global. They apply to all configured sites on the platform, even if the domain is set to "Report Mode".
The main page for this section has three tabs:
    Timeouts
    Sizing
    Speed & Rate
Each tab is discussed in-depth below.
At the upper right corner of this screen, there is a choice of two different sets of settings: Default and DDoS. Please ignore the DDoS settings: this mode has been deprecated, and will be removed from a future version of the interface. You should only work with the Default settings, since only these settings will be used by Reblaze.
After working in this section, remember to click on "Save Changes."

Timeouts

The Timeout settings allow the system to monitor the time required to serve resources to each client. Any connection that exceeds the specific limits will be dropped.
Why timeouts are important
Some DDoS tools (e.g., R-U-Dead-Yet, or RUDY) send a relatively small quantity of traffic requests, but do so as slowly as possible (often with each byte sent separately). While a legitimate request can be resolved in milliseconds, a single RUDY machine can tie up server resources for several minutes. Even a few hundred of these machines attacking your server can be very destructive.
The Timeout settings allow Reblaze to block unresponsive requestors, whether their unresponsiveness is malicious or not. For most Reblaze deployments, the default timeout settings work very well. They are sufficient to filter out hostile traffic, while still accommodating even those users with low bandwidth.
Parameter
Timeout
Header Timeout
How long to wait for the client to send a request header.
Body Timeout
If the body is not obtained in one read-step, this timeout begins. If the timeout expires and the client has still sent nothing, the Reblaze Gateway returns error 'Request time out (408)'.
Keep Alive Timeout
The timeout for keep-alive connections with the client. The Reblaze Gateway will close connections after this time. This setting increases server efficiency; it allows the server to re-use browser connections and save resources. When changing this value, special care should be taken; in some cases, it depends on specific cloud vendor and load balancer settings.
Send Timeout
Specifies the response timeout to the client. This timeout does not apply to the entire transfer but, rather, only between two subsequent client-read operations. Thus, if the client has not read any data for this amount of time, the Reblaze Gateway shuts down the connection.
All times are specified in seconds, as shown in the example below.
Timeouts Settings Example

Sizing

This tab allows you to place limits on the amount of data that users can upload to the system. The defaults usually work well; however, if your application accepts user-generated content or other large files, then changes to these settings might be necessary.
Please note that if you increase these settings within Reblaze, then the upstream server should also be configured to accept and store the quantity of data that Reblaze will (potentially) pass through.
Default Sizing Example
Size
Functionality
Client’s Body Max Size
Specifies the maximum accepted body size of a client request, as indicated by the request header Content-Length. Size in MBs.
Large Client Headers
Allows additional buffers to be used for large client headers.

Speed & Rate

This tab allows you to limit the amount of resources consumed by an IP or individual user.
Reblaze can limit consumption by the average number of requests per second (the "IP Requests" and "User Requests" settings), while also allowing temporary bursts at a higher rate ("IP Maximum Burst" and "User Maximum Burst").
The average and burst limits are more nuanced than is possible to explain in the field labels in the user interface. Please see "Average and Burst Rate Limiting" at the bottom of this page for a full explanation.
Note that this rate limiting is a global metric across all sites. For example, if one IP address is submitting requests to multiple web applications within a Reblaze planet, all the requests are combined when determining if rate limits have been violated.
IP Parameter
Functionality
IP Requests
Sets the allowable average request rate per IP, per second.
IP Maximum Burst
Sets the allowable additional burst rate per IP, per second. See "Average and Burst Rate Limiting" below, for a full explanation.
IP Concurrent Sessions
The maximum number of simultaneous sessions per IP. (An HTTP Session ends upon a completion of the response sent.)
Downstream Bandwidth
Downstream bandwidth limitation per response.
Note: The limit is metered in kilobytes, ie. 1250 KB is equal to 10Mbps.
User Requests
Sets the allowable average request rate per user, per second.
User Maximum Burst
Sets the allowable additional burst rate per user, per second. See "Average and Burst Rate Limiting" below, for a full explanation.
User Concurrent Sessions
The maximum number of simultaneous sessions per user.
Here's an example screenshot:
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Speed & Rate limit example
When a requestor exceeds any of these thresholds, subsequent requests will be answered with error code 503 (Service Unavailable).
For most use cases, the two most important Speed & Rate parameters are IP Requests and IP Maximum Burst.

Average and Burst Rate Limiting

In the Speed & Rate section, the rate limiting settings can be nonintuitive. Here is an explanation of how they work.
IP/User Requests sets the allowable per-second average of incoming requests, enforced on an incremental basis (where "increment" refers to the number of milliseconds allowed for one request). IP/User Maximum Burst sets a higher per-increment ceiling.
Example: IP Requests is set to 100 r/s. Thus, 100 requests are allowed per second. However, the system does not enforce rate limits on a per-second basis; it used a granularity of milliseconds. Therefore, it will allow one request every 10 milliseconds. (100 r/s, divided by 1000 ms/s, equals 1r/10ms.)
Without burst limits—i.e., if IP Maximum Burst is set to zero—the system will reject every request that was received less than 10ms after the previous one.
Now the Reblaze admin sets IP Maximum Burst to 20. This means that Reblaze will accept 21 requests (1 original plus 20 additional) per 10 milliseconds. In other words, when a request is received, up to 20 more can be received and accepted within the following 10 ms. If instead 25 total requests are received during that time, the last four requests will be denied with a 503 error.
Last modified 1yr ago